Muhammad (PBUH) was born in Makkah in the year 570 CE, during the period of history Europeans call the Middle Ages. Muhammad (PBUH) was the son of ‘Abd Allah, a noble from the tribe of the Quraysh. Muhammad’s father died before Muhammad’s birth, and his mother, Aminah died shortly afterward. Muhammad (PBUH) was raised by his uncle, Abu Talib.
As he grew up, Muhammad (PBUH) became known for his truthfulness, generosity, and sincerity, earning the title of al Amin, the trustworthy one. Muhammad was frequently called upon to arbitrate disputes and counsel his fellow Makkans.
Muhammad (PBUH) was of a contemplative nature and had long detested the decadence of his society. It became his habit to meditate from time to time in the Cave of Hira’ near the summit of Jabal al Nur, the ‘Mountain of Light’ near Makkah.
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